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Gum Disease – Gingivitis & Periodontal Disease
Periodontitis, also known as gum disease or periodontal disease, develops with bacterial growth inside your mouth. It can be cured with proper treatment. A Gum disease often leads to early tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissue in the area surrounding your teeth. [source: Webmd]
What Is the Main Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Gingivitis refers to gum inflammation which often precedes periodontitis/gum disease. We must acknowledge that not all gingivitis develops into periodontitis.
The Early Stage of Gingivitis
At this sage, bacteria in plaque build up, causing gum inflammation. If you bleed while tooth brushing, it may be identified as a symptom of Gingivitis. In this case, you must consult with a periodontist. You will experience irritation in your gums, but your teeth are still firmly planted. There is no irreversible damage to the bones or any tissue at this stage.
The Later Stage of Gingivitis
What Causes Gum Disease?
Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, there are other factors contributing to the development of periodontal disease. These may include:
- Hormonal changes in women make your gums more sensitive, for example, changes occurring during:
- monthly menstruation cycles,
Such Hormonal changes make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
- Various Illnesses may affect the condition of your gums, for example, diseases that interfere with the immune system such as:
- Diabetes patients are at a higher risk of infections, including periodontal disease and cavities.
- Medications reduce the flow of saliva, which protects the effect on teeth and gums. Some drugs can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue, such as
- anticonvulsant medication,
- Dilantin and the anti-angina drug,
- Bad habits such as smoking make it difficult for gum tissue to repair.
- Bad oral hygiene habits such as failing to brush and floss regularly.
- The family history of gum disease
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Gum disease may progress painlessly without a warning sign.
- bleeding gums during and after brushing your teeth
- Swollen gums,
- Redness in gums
- Soft gums
- Bad breath
- Constant Bad taste in the mouth
- Receding Gums
- Deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Loose teeth
- Shifting teeth
- Teeth fit together differently when biting down
Even if there are no noticeable symptoms, you may still have gum disease affecting all or some of the teeth, for example, the molars. A periodontist in Dubai can recognize and determine the progression of gum disease like gingivitis.